Cadmium uptake from soil by maize with intercrops
发表在:WATER AIR AND SOIL P 199 45-56    于:2009

Cadmium . Heavy metal . Intercropping . Legume . Maize phytoremediation


A pot experiment was conducted to study the effect of 7 intercrops on Cd uptake by maize. The intercrops included cowpea (V. unguiculata (L.)Walp.), purple haricot (L. purpureus (L.) Sweet.), chickpea (C. arietinum L.), alfalfa (M. sativa L.), teosinte (E. mexicana Schrad.), amaranth (A. paniculatus L.) and rape (B. napus L.). The results showed that most legumes substantially increased Cd uptake by maize during vegetative growth. Leaf tissue of maize grown with legumes averaged 5.05 mg kg−1 higher Cd than that grown with nonlegumes, or 2.42 mg kg−1 higher    than the control. However, the effect of intercrops on Cd uptake by maize became small during reproductive growth. Since chickpea resulted in a relatively large maize bioconcentration factor of 2.0 and large transfer factor of 0.55, it is regarded as the most valuable intercrop for enhancing Cd extraction from soil by maize. The results suggest that intercropping might be a feasible practice in facilitating phytoremediation.

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