Effects of phosphorus addition on soil microbial biomass and community composition in three forest types in tropical China
发表在:SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY?? 44(1) 31-38    于:2012
关键词:

 SUBTROPICAL HUMID FOREST; IMPACTED PINE FOREST; FATTY-ACID ANALYSIS; NITROGEN-FERTILIZATION; NORTHEAST INDIA; SOUTHERN CHINA; LITTER DECOMPOSITION; SEASONAL DYNAMICS; BACTERIAL BIOMASS; NUTRIENT STATUS

简介:

Elevated nitrogen (N) deposition in humid tropical regions may aggravate phosphorus (P) deficiency in forest on old weathered soil found in these regions. From January 2007 to August 2009, we studied the responses of soil microbial biomass and community composition to P addition (in two monthly portions at level of 15 g P m(-2) yr(-1)) in three tropical forests in southern China. The forests were an old-growth forest and two disturbed forests (mixed species and pine dominated). The objective was to test the hypothesis that P addition would increase microbial biomass and change the composition of the microbial community, and that the old-growth forests would be more sensitive to P addition due to its higher soil N availability. Microbial biomass C (MBC) was estimated twice a year and the microbial community structure was quantified by phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis at the end of the experiment. Addition of P significantly increased the microbial biomass and altered the microbial community composition in the old-growth forest, suggesting that P availability is one of the limiting factors for microbial growth. This was also reflected by significant increases in soil respiration after P addition. In contrast, P addition had no effect on the microbial biomass and the microbial community composition in the pine forests. Also in the mixed forest, the microbial biomass did not significantly respond to P addition, but soil respiration and the ratio of fungal-to-bacteria was significantly increased. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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