Evaluating specificity of sequential extraction for chemical forms of lead in artificially-contaminated and field-contaminated soils
发表在:Talanta 107 183-188    于:2013

Sequential extraction; Pb in soil; Speciation; Pyromorphite; Hydrocerussite; Goethite; Soil organic matter

In the present study, we evaluated a commonly employed modified Bureau Communautaire de Reference (BCR test) 3-step sequential extraction procedure for its ability to distinguish forms of solid-phase Pb in soils with different sources and histories of contamination. When the modified BCR test was applied to mineral soils spiked with three forms of Pb (pyromorphite, hydrocerussite and nitrate salt), the added Pb was highly susceptible to dissolution in the operationally-defined "reducible" or "oxide" fraction regardless of form. When three different materials (mineral soil, organic soil and goethite) were spiked with soluble Pb nitrate, the BCR sequential extraction profiles revealed that soil organic matter was capable of retaining Pb in more stable and acid-resistant forms than silicate clay minerals or goethite. However, the BCR sequential extraction for field-collected soils with known and different sources of Pb contamination was not sufficiently discriminatory in the dissolution of soil Pb phases to allow soil Pb forms to be "fingerprinted" by this method. 
It is concluded that standard sequential extraction procedures are probably not very useful in predicting lability and bioavailability of Pb in contaminated soils. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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