Controls of litter quality on the carbon sink in soils through partitioning the products of decomposing litter in a forest succession series in South China
发表在:Forest Ecology and M 261(7) 1170-1177    于:2011

C/N ratio,Lignin content,Litter decomposition constant (k-value),Residence time of standing litter pool,Respiration,Dissolved organic carbon (DOC),Fragment,Soil organic carbon (SOC)


Through the long-term measurement and development of a method for partitioning the products of decomposing litter, the impact of chemical components of forest debris on soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation was studied in a forest succession series in South China. We quantified how litter quality is strongly correlated with the partitioning of respiration, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and fragments of decomposing litter. In the succession sequence of 60-year-old pine forest (PF), to 80-year-old mixed pine and evergreen broadleaved forest (MF) to more than 400-year-old monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest (MEBF), the litter C/N ratios and lignin contents were gradually decreasing, which in turn were correlated with increasing litter decomposition constants (k-values), gradually shortening residence times of standing litter pool. And, 53.5%, 65.6% and 76.2% of the gravimetric litter mass losses were going belowground through both DOC and fragmentation. Correspondingly, the SOC accumulation rates in the top 20cm of mineral soils for the three forests from 1978 to 2008 were 26±4, 33±5 and 67±5gCm−2 yr−1, respectively.  Results of the study support the idea that in order to increase carbon sequestration in soils and long-term functional ability of forest ecosystems to act as carbon sinks, “Kyoto Forests” should be designed and reconstructed with a high diversity of broadleaved species, especially containing nitrogen-fixing trees.

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