Comparison of three ornamental plants for phytoextraction potential of chromium removal from tannery sludge
发表在:Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 15 98-105    于:2013

Phytoextraction; Chromium accumulation; Ornamental plants; Tannery sludge


Based on pre-experimentation, three ornamental plants, Mirabilis jalapa, Impatiens Balsamin (I. Balsamin) and Tagetes erecta L., were selected as target plants to study the phytoextraction of chromium (Cr) in tannery sludge irrigated with four treatments according to Cr concentration gradient [Control (CK); 20.50 x 10(3) mg kg(-1) (T1); 51.25 x 10(3) mg kg(-1) (T2); 102.50 x 10(3) mg kg(-1) (T3)]. Results of pot experiments showed that the biomass of Mirabilis jalapa and Tagetes erecta L. had no significant differences among the four treatments, while I. Balsamin showed a decline trend in the biomass with the increase of Cr concentration, probably due to some extent to the poisoning effect of Cr under treatment T2 or T3. Mirabilis jalapa accumulated Cr concentration, with 408.97, 124.97, 630.16 and 57.30 mg kg(-1) in its roots, stems, leaves and inflorescence, respectively. The translocation factor and the bioaccumulation coefficient of Mirabilis jalapa are each greater than 1, indicating that Mirabilis jalapa has the strong ability to tolerate and enrich Cr by biological processes. Comparing accumulation properties of the three ornamental plants, in the amount and allocation, Mirabilis jalapa showed the highest phytoextraction efficiency and could grow well at the high Cr concentration. Our experiments suggest that Mirabilis jalapa is the expected flower species for Cr removal from tannery sludge.

  • 版权所有:中国科学院华南植物园
  • 联系电话:020-37252862
  • 传真:020-37252862
  • 信箱
  • 地址:广州市天河区兴科路723号
  • 邮编:510650